John Heidemann

Effects of Ensemble-TCP

TitleEffects of Ensemble-TCP
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsL. Eggert, J. Heidemann, and J. Touch

TCP currently recalculates the state of each connection from a fixed set of initial parameters; this recalculation occurs over several round trips, during which the con-nection can be less than efficient. TCP control block sharing is a technique for reusing information among connections in series and aggregating it among connec-tions in parallel. This paper explores the design space of a modified TCP stack that utilizes these two ideas, and one possible design (E-TCP) is presented in detail. E-TCP has been designed so that the network transmission behavior of group of parallel E-TCP connections closely resembles that of a single TCP/Reno connection. Simulated web accesses using HTTP/1.0 over E-TCP show a significant performance improvement compared to TCP/Reno connection bundles. This paper is first to evaluate performance using four different intra-ensem-ble schedulers for different workloads. In one scenario simulating a common case, E-TCP is 4-75% faster than Reno for transmitting the HTML parts of various pages, and 17-61% faster transmitting the whole pages. In the same scenario, reusing cached state speeds up repeated E-TCP page accesses by 17-53% for the HTML parts and 10-28% for the whole pages, compared to the initial access. E-TCP can also be integrated with other pro-posed TCP extensions (such as TCP/Vegas or TCP/SACK), to further improve performance.