John Heidemann

Performance Interactions Between P-HTTP and TCP Implementations

TitlePerformance Interactions Between P-HTTP and TCP Implementations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsJ. Heidemann

This document describes several performance problems resulting from interactions between implementations of persistent-HTTP (P-HTTP) and TCP. Two of these problems tie P-HTTP performance to TCP delayed-acknowledgments, thus adding up to 200ms to each P-HTTP transaction. A third results in multiple slow-starts per TCP connection. Unresolved, these problems result in P-HTTP transactions which are 14 times slower than standard HTTP and 20 times slower than potential P-HTTP over a 10 Mb/s Ethernet. We describe each problem and potential solutions. After implementing our solutions to two of the problems, we observe that P-HTTP performs better than HTTP on a local Ethernet. Although we observed these problems in specific implementations of HTTP and TCP (Apache-1.1b4 and SunOS 4.1.3, respectively), we believe that these problems occur more widely.