Rajiv Mayani

Towards Continuous Scientific Data Analysis and Hypothesis Evolution

TitleTowards Continuous Scientific Data Analysis and Hypothesis Evolution
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsY. Gil, D. Garijo, V. Ratnakar, R. Mayani, R. Adusumilli, H. Boyce, A. Srivastava, and P. Mallick

Scientific data is continuously generated throughout the world. However, analyses of these data are typically performed exactly once and on a small fragment of recently generated data. Ideally, data analysis would be a continuous process that uses all the data available at the time, and would be automatically re-run and updated when new data appears. We present a framework for automated discovery from data repositories that tests user-provided hypotheses using expert-grade data analysis strategies, and reassesses hypotheses when more data becomes available. Novel contributions of this approach include a framework to trigger new analyses appropriate for the available data through lines of inquiry that support progressive hypothesis evolution, and a representation of hypothesis revisions with provenance records that can be used to inspect the results. We implemented our approach in the DISK framework, and evaluated it using two scenarios from cancer multi-omics: 1) data for new patients becomes available over time, 2) new types of data for the same patients are released. We show that in all scenarios DISK updates the confidence on the original hypotheses as it automatically analyzes new data.