Vivek V Menon

High Throughput Implementations of Cryptography Algorithms on GPU and FPGA

TitleHigh Throughput Implementations of Cryptography Algorithms on GPU and FPGA
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsV. Venugopalan, and D. M. Shila
Conference NameIEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC)
Date PublishedMay

Cryptography algorithms are ranked by their speed in encrypting/decrypting data and their robustness to withstand attacks. Real-time processing of data encryption/decryption is essential in network based applications to keep pace with the input data inhalation rate. The encryption/decryption steps are computationally intensive and exhibit high degree of parallelism. Field programmable gate arrays (FPGA) and graphics processing units (GPU) are being employed as cryptographic coprocessors to target different cryptography algorithms. In this paper, we target different encryption algorithms (TEA and XTEA) on GPU and FPGA platforms. We investigate the performance of the algorithms in terms of latency, throughput, gate equivalence, cost and ease of mapping on both platforms. We employ optimization techniques to realize high throughput in our custom configured implementations for coarse-grained parallel architectures. We propose a tool called Cryptographic Hardware Acceleration and Analysis Tool (CHAAT) that selects an optimal algorithm depending on the user's constraints with respect to hardware utilization, cost and security.