have-org-role   (AMR annotation guidance)

Specific topics:     Member, Official   ·   Military Ranks   ·   Political Parties, Legislative Bodies   ·   When Not to Use have-org-role-91   ·   AMR Editor shortcut :role   ·   Interaction between have-org-role-91 and start/end verbs (e.g. elect, resign)   ·   :ARG2 [office held, job title] vs. :ARG3 [description of responsibility]

The frame have-org-role-91 is used to express an organizational role relation when no verb frame is available.

Example:  French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius
     (p / person :wiki "Laurent_Fabius"
           :name (n2 / name :op1 "Laurent" :op2 "Fabius")
           :ARG0-of (h / have-org-role-91
                 :ARG1 (c / country :wiki "France"
                       :name (n / name :op1 "France"))
                 :ARG2 (m / minister
                       :topic (f / foreign))))

Example:  USC Associate Professor for Mathematics Jay Bartroff
     (p / person :wiki -
           :name (n / name :op1 "Jay" :op2 "Bartroff")
           :ARG0-of (h / have-org-role-91
                 :ARG1 (u / university :wiki "University_of_Southern_California"
                       :name (n2 / name :op1 "USC"))
                 :ARG2 (p2 / professor
                       :mod (a / associate)
                       :topic (m / mathematics))))

Example:  Iraqi Interior Ministry operations director Major General Abdel Karim Khalaf
     (p / person :wiki -
           :name (n3 / name :op1 "Abdel" :op2 "Karim" :op3 "Khalaf")
           :ARG0-of (h / have-org-role-91
                 :ARG1 (g / government-organization :wiki "Ministry_of_Interior_(Iraq)"
                       :name (n2 / name :op1 "Interior" :op2 "Ministry")
                       :poss (c / country :wiki "Iraq"
                             :name (n / name :op1 "Iraq")))
                 :ARG2 (d / director
                       :mod (o / operate-01)))
           :ARG0-of (h2 / have-org-role-91
                 :ARG2 (m / major-general)))

The frame have-org-role-91 is used even if neither the name of the office holder nor the organization is specified:

Example:  The president returned to Washington.
     (r / return-01
           :ARG1 (p / person
                 :ARG0-of (h / have-org-role-91
                       :ARG2 (p2 / president)))
           :ARG4 (c / city :wiki "Washington,_D.C."
                 :name (n / name :op1 "Washington")))

AMR Editor Shortcut:
In the example above, the easiest way to add   :ARG0-of (h / have-org-role-91 :ARG2 (p2 / president))   to (p / person) is to type:   p :role president

Words like teacher are still decomposed into person who teaches and do not by themselves trigger the use of have-org-role. However, have-org-role-91 is used when an organization is specified:

Example:  "Venice High School history teacher Craig Brandau"
     (p / person :wiki - :name (n / name :op1 "Craig" :op2 "Brandau")
           :ARG0-of (h2 / have-org-role-91
                 :ARG1 (h3 / high-school :wiki "Venice_High_School_(Los_Angeles)" :name (n2 / name :op1 "Venice" :op2 "High" :op3 "School"))
                 :ARG3 (t / teach-01
                       :ARG0 p
                       :ARG1 (h / history))))

have-org-role-91 is also used for the role member as well as for somewhat underspecified roles such as official. The following example also illustrates that the office holder can be something other than a person:

Example:  Spain is a member of NATO.
     (h / have-org-role-91
           :ARG0 (c / country :wiki "Spain"
                 :name (n / name :op1 "Spain"))
           :ARG1 (m / military :wiki "NATO"
                 :name (n2 / name :op1 "NATO"))
           :ARG2 (m2 / member))

Example:  "naval officials"
     (p / person
           :ARG0-of (h / have-org-role-91
                 :ARG1 (n / navy)
                 :ARG2 (o / official)))

We use have-org-role-91 for military ranks.

Example:  U.S. Army General George Patton
     (p / person :wiki "George_S._Patton"
           :name (n / name :op1 "George" :op2 "Patton")
           :ARG0-of (h / have-org-role-91
                 :ARG1 (m / military :wiki "United_States_Army"
                       :name (n2 / name :op1 "U.S." :op2 "Army"))
                 :ARG2 (g / general)))

We use have-org-role-91 for membership in political parties and legislative bodies:

Example:  Senate Republicans killed the bill.
     (k / kill-01
           :ARG0 (p / person
                 :ARG0-of (h / have-org-role-91
                       :ARG1 (g / government-organization :wiki "United_States_Senate" :name (n / name :op1 "Senate")))
                 :ARG0-of (h2 / have-org-role-91
                       :ARG1 (p2 / political-party :wiki "Republican_Party_(United_States)" :name (n2 / name :op1 "Republican"))))
           :ARG1 (b / bill))

When Not to Use have-org-role-91

We do not use have-org-role-91 if there is another verb frame available, such as head-01, lead-02, employ-01, serve-01 .

Example:  "the head of the National Intelligence Service of Peru Vladimiro Montesinos"
     (p / person :wiki "Vladimiro_Montesinos"
           :name (n / name :op1 "Vladimiro" :op2 "Montesinos")
           :ARG0-of (h / head-01
                 :ARG1 (g / government-organization :wiki "National_Intelligence_Service_(Peru)"
                       :name (n2 / name :op1 "National" :op2 "Intelligence" :op3 "Service")
                       :poss (c / country :wiki "Peru"
                             :name (n3 / name :op1 "Peru")))))

We also do not use have-org-role-91 for occupations and skills that by themselves are independent of an organization.

Example:  "history teacher Craig Brandau"
     (p / person :wiki -
           :name (n / name :op1 "Craig" :op2 "Brandau")
           :ARG0-of (t / teach-01
                 :ARG1 (h / history)))

have-org-role-91 and Start/End Verbs

have-org-role-91 sometimes "competes" with frames of verbs describing the start or end of an org-role relationships, such as become, join, nominate, appoint, elect; resign, fire. In these cases, we use the frames of both have-org-role-91 and the start/end verb, and we fill all slots, even if some entities are annotated in both frames.

Example:  Barack Obama was elected president of the United States in 2008.
     (e / elect-01
           :ARG1 (p / person :wiki "Barack_Obama"
                 :name (n / name :op1 "Barack" :op2 "Obama"))
           :ARG2 (p2 / president
                 :ARG2-of (h / have-org-role-91
                       :ARG0 p
                       :ARG1 (c / country :wiki "United_States"
                             :name (n2 / name :op1 "United" :op2 "States"))))
           :time (d / date-entity :year 2008))

:ARG2 vs. :ARG3

The :ARG2 of have-org-role-91 is the office held or job title.   "What is he?"

Example:  "He is the school janitor."
     (h / have-org-role-91
           :ARG0 (h2 / he)
           :ARG1 (s / school)
           :ARG2 (j / janitor))

The :ARG3 of have-org-role-91 provides a description, typically using verb frames   "What does he do?"

Example:  "He cleans bathrooms and empties the trash for the school."
     (h / have-org-role-91
           :ARG0 (h2 / he)
           :ARG1 (s / school)
           :ARG3 (a / and
                 :op1 (c / clean-01
                       :ARG0 h2
                       :ARG1 (b / bathroom))
                 :op2 (e / empty-01
                       :ARG0 h2
                       :ARG2 (t / trash))))

In the following example, McDonough's job title is not "Chief", it is "Chief of Staff":

Example:  "Denis McDonough is the White House Chief of Staff."
     (h / have-org-role-91
           :ARG0 (p / person :wiki "Denis_McDonough"
                 :name (n / name :op1 "Denis" :op2 "McDonough"))
           :ARG1 (g / government-organization :wiki "White_House"
                 :name (n2 / name :op1 "White" :op2 "House"))
           :ARG2 (c / chief
                 :topic (s / staff)))

Similarly, Fabius' job title is not "Minister", it is "Foreign Minister":

Example:  French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius
     (p / person :wiki "Laurent_Fabius"
           :name (n2 / name :op1 "Laurent" :op2 "Fabius")
           :ARG0-of (h / have-org-role-91
                 :ARG1 (c / country :wiki "France"
                       :name (n / name :op1 "France"))
                 :ARG2 (m / minister
                       :topic (f / foreign))))

Generally, :ARG2 is used much more often than :ARG3.

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